Reading and Phonics

At St Thomas’ we believe reading is a vital skill that every child should have. We want all children to leave St Thomas’ with a life-long reading habit and a love of books because we know reading will have a positive impact throughout their lives, including developing their vocabulary, inspiring them creatively and having a positive impact on their writing.


What is Phonics?

Phonics is a method of teaching people to read by correlating sounds with symbols in an alphabetic writing system. At St Thomas’ we follow the document ‘Letter and Sounds’ for all of our Phonics teaching. You can find more information about the document here:

Letters and Sounds Document


When is Phonics taught?

Children in Nursery, Reception and Year 1 have daily Phonics lessons. In Year 2, Phonics is taught alongside English. The Phonics lessons are a maximum of 20 minutes long and are full of active games and fun.


What are the Phonics expectations?

By the end of Nursery – Children should have a firm grasp of Phase 1. They should be able to orally blend and segment words.

By the end of Reception – Children should be able to read and write words and captions containing sounds from Phase 2, 3 and 4. They should also be able to read pseudo (nonsense) words containing these sounds.

By the end of Year 1 – Children should be able to apply all of the above and read real and pseudo words containing Phase 5a sounds. This is tested every year in June during the Phonics Screening Test.

By the end of Year 2 – Children who have not passed the Phonics Screening Test in Year 1, will be given additional support in Year 2 ready to re-sit the test at the end of Year 2. Phase 6 is taught in Year 2 in the English lessons.


Useful Information for Parents

Phonics Information for Parents

Useful Websites for Parents

EYFS Phonics Support


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