Phonics (Letters & Sounds)

Letters and Sounds is the resource we use at St Thomas’ to support the systematic teaching of phonics. Children begin the Letters and Sounds programme at the start of Reception year and continue across Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2).

The Letters and Sounds programme is separated into six Phases – your child’s teacher will be able to tell you which Phase your child is currently working on.

Below, you will find links to our pages for each Phase. For each Phase there is a brief explanation of what is taught and a selection of resources (word cards, games & record sheets) which you can use to support your child’s learning.

If you require any further support, please contact school, either your child’s class teacher or our KS1 Leader – Mr Kemal.

We also have Phonics evenings for parents, which are incredibly useful to attend.


We are often asked how each letter (or pair of letters) is pronounced.

Click here to hear each letter sound

Oxford Owl The Oxford Owl website has some excellent information for parents. There are a couple of useful videos as well as a really helpful player that allows you to hear each letter sound. Click on the icon to visit the site.


Phonics Glossary

We hope the following glossary is useful to you when using our Letters and Sounds pages. Always feel free to coontact us if you require any further support.

blending – Blending is the skill of joining sounds together to read words. Children are taught to say the separate sounds in a word and to then blend them together to decode the word.
digraph – A digraph is a sound that is represented by two letters e.g. the sound ‘a’ in rain is represented by the digraph ‘ai’.
grapheme – A grapheme is a visual representation of a sound e.g. a letter or a group of letters.
Some sounds are represented by a single letter whilst others are represented by more than one letter.
phoneme – A phoneme is a unit of sound e.g. the word ‘cat’ contains three phonemes; c – a – t.
segmenting – Segmenting is the opposite of blending. Children are taught to segment a word into its separate sounds in order to spell it.
split digraph – A split digraph is a digraph that is separated by other letters e.g. the sound ‘a’ in the word take is represented by the split digraph a-e.












Navigation – Phonics Home Phase 1 – Phase 2Phase 3Phase 4Phase 5Phase 6

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