Phase 4

In Phase 4 children are not taught any new phonemes or graphemes. Instead, they are taught to further manipulate the phonemes and graphemes they have already learnt. Many of the words children explored in Phase 2 and 3 were monosyllabic (words of one syllable). In Phase 4 children explore more polysyllabic words (words containing more than one syllable). Many of the words in Phase 2 and 3 required children to blend approximately three sounds together in order to read them. Phase 4 requires children to blend an increasing number of sounds together in order to read.


Phase 4 Teaching Overview

In Phase 4 words are often referred to in relation to how many vowels and consonants they contain.

CVC Words
The word ‘cod‘ is a CVC word (consonant / vowel / consonant). Other CVC words include: sad, net & him.

CCVC Words
The word ‘crab‘ is a CCVC word (consonant / consonant / vowel / consonant). Other CCVC words include: trim, flat & step.

CVCC Words
The word ‘help‘ is a CVCC word (consonant / vowel / consonant / consonant). Other CVCC words include: fist, mend and test.

As children progress through Phase 4 they become more confident and skilled in reading and spelling words with a greater number of letters and graphemes.


Phase 4 Resources

The following resources will help you support your child as they progress through Phase 4.

Reading Word Lists
Groups of words which can be read in this Phase

High Frequency Word Flash Cards
A5 flash cards for each high frequency word taught in this Phase

Yes / No Questions
A reading resource for Phase 4

Sentence Substitution
A reading based game / challenge

Sentences for Reading
A selection of sentences to read

High Frequency Word Record Sheet
Use this sheet to track the high frequency words your child can read and spell


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